Prostate Cancer

Prostate Cancer forms in the tissues of the prostate, a walnut-sized gland in the male reproductive system located below the bladder and in front of the rectum. It typically occurs in older men – 69 years old on average – and is one of the most common types of cancer for males. While some prostate cancer may grow slowly and remain confined to the prostate, others can be more aggressive and spread quickly. Early detection (when still confined to the prostate gland) increases the chances for successful treatment.

Symptoms of prostate cancer may not develop in the early stages, but when in its advanced stages, it may lead to:

  • Trouble urinating
  • Decreased force in the stream of urine
  • Blood in the urine
  • Blood in the semen
  • General pain in the lower back, hips or thighs
  • Discomfort in the pelvic area
  • Bone pain
  • Erectile dysfunction

Discuss screening for prostate cancer with your doctor to determine the best course of action for you.

Kidney Cancer

Some 50,000 people are diagnosed with kidney cancer every year in the United States, the most common among adults being renal cell carcinoma, which forms in the lining of small tubes in the kidney. Children usually develop a different type called Wilms’ tumor.

While kidney cancer typically causes no obvious symptoms in its early stages, as it grows, a patient may experience:

  • Blood in the urine
  • A lump or mass in the kidney area
  • Fatigue
  • Loss of appetite
  • Weight loss
  • Recurrent fevers

To diagnose the cause of the symptoms, your doctor may ask about your medical history and perform a physical exam. Along with checking general signs of health, your doctor may perform blood and urine tests, and may carefully feel the abdomen for lumps or irregular masses.

Bladder Cancer

Bladder is the fourth most common cancer among men and the ninth most common among women in the United States. The type of bladder cancer depends on which cells become cancerous.

There are four types:

  1. Transitional cell carcinoma
  2. Squamous cell carcinoma
  3. Superficial bladder cancer
  4. Invasive bladder cancer

Common symptoms of bladder cancer include blood in the urine (making the urine slightly rusty to deep red), pain during urination, and frequent urination or feeling the need to urinate without results. Infections, benign tumors, bladder stones or other problems can also cause these symptoms, so it’s imperative to see a doctor when the symptoms occur.

Dr. Michael Scolieri is a board certified urologist specializing in female urology, female pelvic medicine and reconstructive surgery at the Comprehensive Urology Institute with offices conveniently located in Salem, Canfield, and East Liverpool, Ohio.

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